The Ultimate Guide to Basic Roofing Materials

By August 23, 2018Uncategorized
roofing materials

All homeowners need to face this at some point in their houses’ lives. A roof is a costly and huge part of the house that requires research and adjustments to last longer and provide your family with the best comfort and protection. Before hiring a roofing contractor, study the basic roofing materials and choose the best for your home.

Basic Roofing Materials

This will depend on your location and personal preference.

In some areas, metal roofing is commonly used because it is fire resistant. In other regions, a Spanish-style tile tool is prominent.

Some common materials for residential roofing are:

Asphalt shingles

These are one of the most inexpensive roofing materials. They have a wide variety of colors and can be found anywhere. Asphalt shingles are widely used on sloped roofs, single houses, and other small residential projects. These are very easy to install. Asphalt shingles also come with different textures and thickness. They can also now be treated against mildew, molds, and algae. They have a lifespan of 15 to 30 years.

Wood shakes (for 3:12 pitches and steeper) and wood shingles (for 4:12 and steeper)

Wood shakes are thicker than wood shingles. The wood shingles have smooth sides and cut tapered. They can be used for both roofing and siding. They are more expensive than asphalt shingles but they look more attractive.

Metal roofing

If properly installed, a metal roof can last as long as the house. It is resistant to fire, insects, mildew, and rotting. Metal roofing is a very expensive but light roofing material.

It is mostly made of steel or aluminum. Only a few roofers know how to install it properly so it is rarely used.

Slate Roofing

This material is the most eye-catching because it is made of 100% natural stone and it has attractive color variations. Slate roofing is very durable and can last up 150 years and more. It is fireproof and eco-friendly.

It can be very dangerous when roofers install slate roofs because they are slippery. A few roofing contractors are brave enough to install and repair this material because it is also very heavy.

Clay or ceramic tiles

Clay tiles are made out of baking molded clay. The clay tiles’ colors range from shades of white, yellow, orange, and brown.

Terra-cotta is the most popular clay color. Another option to these tiles is to add enamel paints to them to produce tiles with any colors. This process is called ‘ceramic’ and it is spraying enamel over tiles before baking them.

Clay tiles are wind and fire resistant. Their shapes made them useful in protecting underlayment of roofs and creating air pockets to insulate and isolate unnecessary heat and cold from getting in the house’s attic space.

Concrete Tiles

They are a mixture of sand, cement, and water, and molded under heat and high pressure.

Concrete tiles have more water locks so they can prevent water infiltration. They come in three styles:

  1. Flat profile(no curves)
  2. Low profile (small curves and has a rise to width ratio which is equal to 1:5 or less)
  3. High profile (large curves and has a rise to width ratio that is greater than 1:5)

They can look like the traditional clay tiles, wood shakes, and slate. Their lifespan is often as long as the house’s life.

Rubber Roofing

Rubber is long-lasting and recyclable. This roofing material is laid in a single piece so there are less or no seams to seep under the roofing and destroy the house.

It is also invulnerable to UV rays. If properly installed, it can last for 50 years and longer. It can withstand fast and high winds, and hail that has a diameter of three inches.

Repairing a leaking rubber roof is easy, fast, and very cheap. It is also fire resistant and energy efficient.

However, the only drawback is its appearance.



This vital guide is from Calgary Roofing Done Right, a Calgary roofer that specializes in working with homeowners. They also focus on installing asphalt shingles for residential projects.